Building a Jakarta 4.0
Category: Issues & Ideas By : Justin Doebele Read : 234 Date : Monday, September 04, 2017 - 13:02:44




Ahmad Zamroni / Forbes Indonesia

Anies Baswedan, 48, is the governor-elect of DKI Jakarta province, elected in an April runoff election, along with his running mate Sandiaga “Sandi” Uno as vice governor. They are scheduled to take office in October for a five-year term. They won the election against incumbent Governor Basuki Tjahaja Purnama, who stood trial for religious blasphemy charges during the election, and was convicted in May. The governor-elect conducted the interview on June 21 at his home during Ramadan, in a 400-year old joglo transported from rural Java, then attached to his family’s (more modern) home. The joglo, which now serves as a guest reception area, was once a pesantren where Radeh Saleh studied. Before the interview, Anies met a group of young students visiting the governor-elect. Afterwards, Anies sat down for an exclusive interview with Forbes Indonesia.

Forbes Indonesia: What are some major goals you’d like to accomplish in your administration?

Anies Baswedan: There are many major issues that the new government will have to tackle. If we can divide them into categories, number one for the city is to allow it to reach its prosperity, its independence. In Indonesian, the word is mandiri. It means you are self-sufficient. That job is very important. Number two is health. As soon as you are ill in Jakarta, you can suddenly lose so much of your savings because of health problems. Number three is education. Number four is to make sure the economic activities of the city allow for the distribution of basic needs in ways that control the prices. I don’t mean price controls. I mean market prices. In other words, keeping the cost of living affordable.

The other issue that is important is to transform Jakarta into a city 4.0. Let me explain. City 1.0 was a city that served as the administrator, and the people are citizens. City 2.0 is a city as the service provider, and the people are the customers. City 3.0 is a city as a facilitator and the citizens are participants.

However, city 4.0 is the government as collaborators with its citizens—so citizens can really participate in the city’s development. We would like to transform the city government from a service provider into a collaborator. What does this mean in a real sense? Let me give you an example. We are still in city 2.0, in which we are a service provider and the people are customers. We set up an orange team to clean up all the waste that is here in Jakarta. What we are telling you is that you can throw garbage anywhere, anytime, and we’ll clean it up. You don’t need to manage your waste, just throw it away and we’ll take care of it. That’s the option. We set up the orange teams as massive as possible, so the citizen doesn’t have to do anything. The city is not trying to educate the public on how you manage waste. That’s the old way of running a government. As a customer, of course, I am happy, because I don’t have to do anything.

Yet if you look at modern cities, they don’t operate like that. They operate with the individual, the families, the communities as the solver of problems. Using the  example of waste, you must learn how to manage the waste, how to recycle. This is one example. The same thing with budgeting. We will actually invite people to help in finding solutions for their communities. So like with the budget, we will authorize it to reflect that process. We must also continually fix infrastructure problems in the city. Transportation and mobility is the first, the second is water and environment, these are the biggest challenges. Housing is another issue we must address. 

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